As the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) pointed out in a press release on Thursday, “[m]illions of Californians near active oil and gas wells, which exposes them to the air pollutants identified in the report.”

More than half of wastewater from fracked oil wells in the state is disposed of in more than 900 open pits throughout the state, which could pollute groundwater, the report found. Many of those pits—about one-third of which don’t have proper permits—are concentrated around the San Joaquin Valley, where a majority of fracking operations take place.

CBD also noted that the report comes just a week after California Governor Jerry Brown’s “oil officials” finalized new fracking regulations that do not consider adequate safeguards for public health.

“This disturbing study exposes fatal flaws in Gov. Brown’s weak fracking rules,” said CBD’s Hollin Kretzmann. “Oil companies are fouling the air we breathe and using toxic chemicals that endanger our dwindling drinking water. The millions of people near these polluting wells need an immediate halt to fracking and other dangerous oil company practices.”

Brown has also come under fire from green groups for his approach to the state’s unprecedented drought, now entering its fourth year. Environmental advocates have criticized the governor’s mandatory water cuts for urban customers and communities, while giving leeway to the fossil fuel and agriculture industries which together use up more than 80 percent of the state’s water.

The report’s “troubling findings send a clear message to Gov. Brown that it’s time to ban fracking and rein in our state’s out-of-control oil industry,” Kretzmann said on Thursday. “California should follow the example set by New York, which wisely banned fracking after health experts there concluded this toxic technique was just too dangerous.”

Other findings in the report include:

In response to the report, Sen. Fran Pavley (D-Agoura Hills) said she would add an amendment to a recently introduced bill that would eliminate wastewater disposal pits.

But green groups see that as only one of the necessary steps.

“This study exposes California’s oil producers as the polluters that they are,” Andrew Grinberg, the oil and gas program manager for Clean Water Action, told the San Francisco Chronicle. “The science clearly identifies numerous threats from fracking and other oil-production activities that California’s laws, regulations, enforcement and available data do not adequately address.”

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